In 2015 in France, life expectancy at birth was 85 years for women and 78.9 years for men (INSEE).
However, life expectancy in good health does not improve.
Due to the prevalence of chronic diseases, life expectancy in good health, also known as life expectancy without disability, is about 63 years on average for men and 64.4 years for women in 2013.
In other industrialized countries, such as Germany, the situation is even more worrying where life expectancy in good health in 2013 is about 57 years.
In Europe, it is the Norwegians who maintain their health the longest, with a healthy life expectancy of 71 years for men, and about 69 years for women. Swedes also live longer in good health.
These figures show that the arrival at retirement age can unfortunately rhyme with illness!
But what exactly is a chronic disease?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), chronic diseases are long-term conditions that generally evolve slowly.
Responsible for 63% of deaths, chronic diseases (heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes …) are the leading cause of death in the world.
Of the 36 million people who died of chronic disease in 2008, 29% were under 60 and half were women.
1- Stop smoking
Smoking is responsible for many diseases including several types of cancer, but also cardiovascular diseases, whether active or passive.
It is the leading cause of preventable death in the world. It causes the death of more than 7 million people a year in the world.
It was in 1950, that scientific work made for the first time made the link between tobacco and cancer. It is only in the 80’s that the addictive side of tobacco is recognized.
So the first tip that everyone has heard is not to smoke of course.
What about the electronic cigarette?
Used by 3 million French, the electronic cigarette has become a real alternative to the traditional cigarette for some but also a real social phenomenon since its invention.
Currently, there is no recommendation on this type of cigarette, although the WHO has already warned of its potential dangers.
Although it seems less dangerous than the traditional cigarette and is an alternative to reduce tobacco consumption, studies show its negative effects on health.
Allergies have been observed due to the presence of allergens in liquids, skin problems, taste changes and respiratory problems.
Vapers are exposed to increased risks of bronchitis and persistent coughing. It even has a negative effect in the mouth, where it affects the cells of the oral cavity.