If we know that fruits have essential beneficial effects on our health, we are less aware of the serious risks of some, whether they are exotic or more common. Light on the ten dangerous fruits to avoid to be able to keep the fishing, with Alexandra Rétion, dietician-nutritionist.
Cyanide in apricot kernels
On July 27, 2018, the National Agency for Food Safety, Environment and Labor (ANSES) warned of risks related to the consumption of apricot kernels. Appreciated for their anti-cancer properties, they nevertheless present risks of cyanide intoxication that can cause “dizziness, discomfort, headache, digestive disorders, heart palpitations, or respiratory discomfort.”
The same goes for cherry, peach and plum stones. “Avoid chewing and sucking because they contain a toxic cyanogenic acid, says Alexandra Rétion, dietician-nutritionist.There is a risk of poisoning.It is therefore important to be careful to remove the core of these fruits. “
Avocado: dangerous with some drugs
In addition to cutting that can cause serious injury, the lawyer is particularly dangerous in people who take anticoagulants (treatments that prevent blood clot formation). “The avocado is rich in vitamin K, which makes the circulation of the blood flow easier, and people on anticoagulants must ensure that their vitamin K intake remains stable so as not to hinder the role of the drug. avoid or greatly reduce all fruits and vegetables that may contain them. “
Add to this the fact that avocado contains a protein called hevein. “This one is common to the rubber tree, the original tree of the latex.This can be annoying for people who are allergic to it …”
Rhubarb leaf: a risk of intoxication
On November 27, 2014, ANSES reported in a press release that cases of oxalate poisoning have been identified. This rhubarb leaf acid can cause gastrointestinal disorders, but also the accumulation of crystals in the kidneys, which can eventually lead to kidney stones. “Rhubarb leaves, which contain toxins, can also cause convulsions and breathing problems,” says Alexandra Rétion, “otherwise rhubarb can be safely eaten.”
Lemon: a risk of kidney stones
It’s not just good in lemon. One thing we tend to forget, according to Alexandra Rétion: “everyone says it’s good for health but it’s an acid fruit so it represents some inconvenience if you eat it every day. weakens and wears the tooth enamel, it irritates the mucous membranes therefore increases the risk of canker sores and it can also burn the stomach if you are fragile at that level. ” Not to mention that its zest, like the rhubarb leaf, contains oxalate: “it crystallizes and can cause stones, which increases the risk for those who are already subjects.”
In addition to the risk of burning the skin, also pay attention to dehydration: “the lemon is diuretic.It should not be consumed excessively because certainly it eliminates the excess salt and water, but it can also dehydrate.”
Cashew nut: a toxic molecule
“The cashew nut contains urushiol, which is a toxic molecule,” says Alexandra Rétion, “but it is found only in raw cashew nuts, and they are rarely eaten raw because they are all bought commercially. have been cooked at least steam, so there is no risk. ” The same goes for almonds, which are naturally rich in cyanide. But once cooked, these too can be consumed without moderation.
Grapefruit: avoid with some treatments
Alexandra Rétion says that grapefruit “represents a danger when mixed with certain drugs”. Indeed, in 2012, the National Agency for the Safety of Medicines and Health Products (ANSM) recalled in an information point that the fruit is “known to interact with some drugs”, stating that “it is not not a reduction in their effectiveness, but an increase in the frequency and severity of their adverse effects. “
“The drug / grapefruit mix blocks an enzyme that allows drugs to be assimilated,” says the nutritionist, “which means they enter the blood without being transformed by the enzyme, so there is an overdose.” To avoid this risk, be sure to read the package insert, which will always indicate it. The medications involved are some prescribed for cholesterol, immunosuppressants, antiarrhythmics, an antidepressant as well as a drug used in breast cancer.