Do your kidneys work properly?
Most people are born with two functional kidneys, but do you know if this is your case? Take this opportunity to learn more about these vital organs and what you can do to make sure your kidneys work well for the rest of your life.
What are the kidneys doing?
The kidneys play a vital role in your overall health. Healthy kidneys produce urine, rid your blood of waste and excess fluids, maintain your body’s balance, regulate your blood pressure, help keep your bones healthy and contribute to the production of red blood cells .
What is chronic kidney disease?
Chronic kidney disease, which affects 10% of the world’s population, is the gradual loss of kidney function. Chronic kidney disease can cause cardiovascular disease, heart attacks and strokes, high blood pressure, weak bones, nerve damage, kidney failure, anemia and even death.
Chronic kidney disease: a silent killer
Initially, chronic kidney disease may have no signs or symptoms. In fact, a person who suffers from it can lose up to 90% of his kidney function before he feels symptoms, so this is considered a silent killer. Chronic kidney disease is often undetected until it is very advanced, when the person is undergoing dialysis or transplantation.
Kidneys and women’s health
The 2018 campaign for World Kidney Day focuses on the kidneys and women’s health. Although chronic kidney disease affects both men and women, it is more likely to develop in women who are the eighth largest cause of death. Yet fewer women than men are on dialysis, and women tend to receive fewer transplants. One of the reasons for this is that chronic kidney disease progresses more slowly among women, but there are also psycho-economic barriers and unequal access to medical care in many countries that prevent them from getting treatment. .
Main causes of chronic kidney disease
The main risk factors for chronic kidney disease are diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and a family history of kidney disease, diabetes or high blood pressure.
Chronic kidney disease: other risk factors
Although chronic kidney disease can affect people of all ages and backgrounds, some people are at greater risk than others. Other people at risk include people of African-American, Aboriginal, Hispanic or Asian descent, people from the Pacific Islands, people 60 years and over, obese people, low birth weight babies birth, people who have prolonged use of NSAIDs (ibuprofen, naproxen), people with lupus or other autoimmune diseases, people with chronic urinary tract infections and people with kidney stones ( kidney stones)