There are 3 types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. In all three cases, without treatment, the level of sugar (= blood sugar) rises in the blood.
Type 1 diabetes is diabetes that affects young people. It is due to the destruction of pancreatic cells producing insulin.
Type 2 diabetes appears mainly in overweight people after 40 years. It is due to a resistance of the body to insulin, this hormone is unable to get the sugar back into the cells.
Gestational diabetes is diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy. Women who suffer from it are subsequently at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes in numbers
There are more than 100 million diabetics worldwide.
2.8% of the adult population is affected.
The Asian countries have low rates of diabetes.
Conversely, the American continent is one of the most affected, with a rate approaching 20% of people with diabetes.
Diabetes in France:
France is one of the countries where the rate of diabetes is quite low. But in just 10 years, the number of people with diabetes has increased from 1.6 to 2.9 million, including 600,000 diabetics who do not know each other.
The current prevalence of gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes) in France is estimated at between 2 and 6%. It is constantly increasing.
Diabetes in Canada:
It is estimated that about 7% of the population has some form of diabetes.
This 7% breaks down as follows: 10% of type 1 diabetics and 90% of type 2
diabetics. Gestational diabetes affects 6-8% of pregnant women. In 90% of cases, it disappears shortly after delivery, but in more than 50% of cases, the woman who experienced a gestational diabetes episode will develop type 2 diabetes a few years later.
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, that is, by too high a level of sugar in the blood. This disease usually occurs after 40 years and mainly affects obese or overweight people. Diabetic Type 2 diets can help meet nutritional needs, control blood sugar, achieve a healthy weight, and prevent the risk of associated illness.
Benefits of Dieting in Type 2 Diabetics
The special diet for diabetic type 2 aims to:
Bridging nutritional needs
Control blood sugar
Achieve a healthy weight
Prevent cardiovascular disease
Diabetes and diet are closely related. This sheet gives you dietary recommendations for diabetics. On the other hand, it can not replace a consultation with a dietitian-nutritionist graduate. Several factors such as age, sex, weight, treatment, etc. can influence these dietary recommendations.
In diabetic adults, carbohydrates must account for 50 to 55% of total energy intake, proteins 10 to 15% and lipids 30 to 40%. These differences make it possible to individualize nutritional treatment on a case by case basis.
Diabetic diet helps control blood sugar
Controlling blood sugar is a priority for people with diabetes. Indeed, in addition to aggravating diabetes in the long term, a rise in blood sugar can be very dangerous at the moment. The Diabetic Type 2 diet aims to spread carbohydrates and different food groups fairly evenly throughout the day. Indeed, to control blood sugar and weight, carbohydrate intake must be well distributed throughout the day and the spacing between meals must be adequate. It is not advisable, for example, to take four servings of fruit at breakfast and not to eat for the rest of the day.
Diabetic Type 2 Diet Prevents Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia mainly affects diabetics who take insulin. It is a sharp drop in blood glucose that can be caused by various events such as:
Taking insulin or overdose medication
Delayed meal or snack
Meal too light
Unexpected physical activity
Achieve a healthy weight with a full diet
Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight can play a role in controlling blood glucose and stabilizing it. A loss of 5 to 10% of the initial weight already improves insulin sensitivity, glycemic control and control of blood lipid levels. A healthy weight also helps to prevent diseases associated with type 2 diabetes. By eating better, reducing portions and moving more, you will achieve this goal naturally.
Special diet type 2 diabetes to prevent cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is one of the most common complications of type 2 diabetes. The risk of cardiovascular disease is 2 to 3 times higher in people with diabetes. It is therefore essential that the diabetic diet takes this risk into consideration and proposes appropriate dietary measures. As part of the diet for diabetics, we will take care to reduce the intake of fat while focusing on good fats. It is a diet low in saturated and trans fatty acids.
People with diabetes who want to accurately calculate their total energy requirement to evaluate the amount of carbohydrate, protein and fat to consume can do so with the help of a certified dietician.
Diabetes special diet type 2: recommendations
Diabetics or overweight people must adopt a balanced and controlled calorie diet. The goal is to regain a healthy weight, avoid hypoglycaemia and the risk of cardiovascular disease. This is what the Diabetic Type 2 diet offers.
What are the anti-diabetes foods?
Diabetic nutrition includes foods that are beneficial for diabetes. These foods provide the body with just what it needs while stabilizing blood sugar. Thus, following these recommendations type 2 diabetes can be much better lived in everyday life.
Low Glycemic Index Carbohydrates
It is now recognized that taking into account the glycemic index (GI) foods can bring benefits under the Diabetic Diet. A low GI diet makes it possible, among other things, to have a lower blood glucose, better metabolic control and a better blood lipid level. This is in any case the conclusion of two meta-analyzes. It is recommended to focus on foods with a low or medium glycemic index. Foods with a high glycemic index are to be avoided.